Henri-Émile-Benoît Matisse, known as Henri Matisse, is one of the most famous artists of the twentieth century. Born in Le Cateau-Cambrésis on December 31, 1869, he moved to Paris where he started his studies in Law; two years after the transfer, during convalescence as a result of an appendicitis attack, approaches painting as an activity to deceive the time spent at home, thus discovering his true vocation.
With his father's disapproval, in 1891 he joined the Academie Julian, initially dedicating himself to landscapes of Flemish tradition, and then met the impressionist style that influenced him so much: Van Gogh, Gauguin and Cézanne were his great inspirations together to Japanese art and its particular use of color.
He was one of the major exponents of the Fauves current; moving away from flattened and aesthetic forms of expression, he appeared at the Salon d'Automne in 1905 along with several artists, characterized by a violent and dissonant use of color, used to excite emotions and overcome realism in the choice of dominant tones. They were called Fauves, from the French "savage beasts". From here, until the year of his death (1954), Matisse perfected his technique more and more, refusing figurative art and immersing himself more and more in a deep exploration of the color and strength of it.
He died at age 84 in Nice; to this day it is remembered not only as a painter but also as an engraver, illustrator and sculptor. His works, at that time often subject to discordant criticisms and opinions, are now exposed all over the world